Graphene is a single-atom layer of graphite, one of the most abundant minerals on the planet. It consists of carbon atoms organised into a honeycomb crystal lattice - it’s only one atom layer thick and commonly referred to as a 2D material.
THE GRAPHENE PROCESS
THE BASIC 3 STEPS TO FUNCTIONALISE GRAPHENE
Why the hype?
Graphene makes things stronger and has considered to be the most resistant and impermeable membrane
Lab results have shown graphene to be 200x stronger and 6x lighter than steel; it is also extremely thin, transparent and bendable.
It's also faster: electron mobility is 70x higher than in silicon and it conducts heat 10x better than copper.
Our supply partner, Perpetuus, is arguably the first and only graphene company capable of meeting mass market needs for what might be called "multi-layer graphenes", "graphene nano-platelets", or "graphenes".
For the first time, we can deliver cost-effective, high volume, functionalised multi-layer graphenes for real-world applications.
Perpetuus' latest plasma reactor can produce, in an environmentally friendly manner, up to 500 tonnes of the material per year.
Using multi-layer graphenes makes products significantly faster, stronger, and more energy efficient, and whilst not at the extremes of the purported lab results, still at a significant improvement above base levels.
Our solutions are focused on manufacturing graphenes for use in composites application within the automotive industry, e.g.: body parts, carbon fibre, polymer matrix composites and rubber tyre mixes.
Our supplier produces very high quality multi-layer graphenes (up to 10 layers) that are of sufficient quality to be produced in bulk.
Perpetuus produce such graphenes with consistent characteristics - production is no longer a “dark art”.
Producing in bulk with their reactors means Perpetuus delivers graphenes of consistent quality at an economically viable price.
Graphenes aren't “Plug-and-Play” – modifications (“functionalisation”) need to be made to the graphenes produced in order to apply it.
First, graphite is broken down into graphenes, which are then "functionalised", and ultimately the master batch created to be used in the final product application.
Try breaking down a lump of graphite into either the single atom layer graphene or even few layered graphenes, and in significant quantity – not easy. Such a process can use toxic, non-environmentally friendly chemicals.
To achieve the headline properties in scale isn't technologically practical at the moment, typically different flake sizes are produced and of varying numbers of layers of graphite – it is very difficult to produce graphene(s) of consistent quality and with consistent properties.
Buyer beware – at the moment it can only be practiclally produced in tiny flakes that are one micron wide – it is not economically viable to produce a whole sheet that can balance an elephant on a pencil...